The head of the National Union of Alternative Fuels and Related Industries spoke about the prospect of burning diesel vehicles in order to develop the country’s fuel basket.
According to ILNA, Ali Mahmoudian, in an interview with Khabar Khodro reporter, said: “Considering the importance of gassing diesel cars, all countries in the world have considered a written plan for the vision of their energy basket and took appropriate measures.” According to the NGV Europe Institute in the European Union, the largest increase in the number of gas-powered vehicles in 2016 compared to 2015 is related to heavy vehicles, and by 2030 the number of gas-powered vehicles in Europe will increase tenfold to 15 million units. In North America, the amount of attention and investment in gas production is increasing and the role of gas is surpassing the role of oil in the field of fossil fuels, so that it is predicted that by 2035 the ratio of oil and gas production, respectively. 36 and 64 percent. France, Spain and Colombia are among the countries interested in developing CNG in their fuel portfolio, which have made arrangements in this regard.
He added: “Also in India, as one of the most populous countries in Asia, if the necessary infrastructure is created by the Indian government, the development of CNG in the next ten years will be such that by 2030, half of the cars sold in India will burn gas.” شد. Another Asian country is China, which has more than 5 million gas-powered cars, and despite the fact that the number of cars in China and Iran is almost equal, but the amount of CNG consumption in China is 7-8 times higher than in Iran and about 40 million cubic meters. . This is because in China, the majority of cars that use natural gas are diesel cars, which emit more pollution than passenger cars due to the nature of their engine system and higher fuel consumption. Therefore, gasification of diesel vehicles will reduce transportation costs and reduce air pollution, and the Chinese economy will not be involved in the supply of petroleum products such as gasoline and diesel, which are expensive fuels.
The President of the National Union of Alternative Fuels and Related Industries, referring to Iran’s capacity to gasify diesel vehicles, explained: Diesel cars are needed due to the available capacity and consumption of 90 million cubic meters of diesel. Meanwhile, the cheapness of gasoline and diesel in our country compared to other countries (the cost of diesel in neighboring countries is about $ 1 and in Iran is 300 Tomans) has increased the motivation to smuggle gasoline and diesel fuel in the border areas of the country. According to the latest reports, about 11 to 12 million cubic meters of diesel are exported from the eastern borders of the country, and if we compare this amount based on the difference between the price value of diesel and CNG, we could export it transparently, which gives a significant number. Came.
Mahmoudian pointed out: The world has come to the conclusion that the development of transportation in the context of alternative fuels such as natural gas and sometimes LPG is necessary, which will bring good achievements for countries in the future. Given that Iran is one of the first countries in the field of natural gas reserves in the world, so this need will be doubled for us, and as other countries have developed plans for 2030 and 2050 based on the vision document of their energy basket. Our country must also prepare a written program in this context, and we hope that effective steps will be taken to develop the country’s fuel basket with the legislation of the Parliamentary Energy Commission.
Expressing the benefits of burning diesel cars, he said: “One of the most important components of the economy in the world is the energy economy.” Given the oil sanctions and the surplus of natural gas production in the country, now is the time to take advantage of this golden opportunity and use it in refineries and crude oil recovery processes instead of selling crude oil, and move towards the development of fuels. Alternatively, achieve good results. Meanwhile, there are no restrictions on dual-fuel diesel vehicles, and its technical issues have been resolved in Iran and all countries, and major countries have invested in diesel vehicles.
The head of the National Union of Alternative Fuels and Related Industries considered foreign exchange profitability as one of the most important benefits of this process and said: by doubling 150,000 diesel cars in the first step, equivalent to 100,000 billion tomans of foreign exchange savings will be made. We can use it in the fields of education, civil engineering, social services, etc. These calculations are not forecasts but are based on reports of gas savings in recent years. The important point is that there is no need for government investment in this sector, because with the existing laws and the readiness of the private sector, the CNG industry can be easily developed, and we only need the cooperation of the government and parliament in the field of energy carrier pricing.
Mahmoudian further pointed to other advantages of the process of converting diesel vehicles and said: “Considering the huge gas resources and the ability to access natural gas and its cheapness, burning diesel vehicles will reduce transportation costs in the country and thus Arranging a suitable platform for the transportation system in the connection lines of the west and east of the world will be created.
He added: “Today, offering diesel at a price of 300 tomans may be considered an advantage, but we are unaware that we pay a heavy subsidy in the field of diesel.” The excuse that rising gasoline prices will increase inflation and commodity prices is quite true, but if we replace CNG with diesel, we will achieve our goals in this area by reforming pricing.
The President of the National Union of Alternative Fuels and Related Industries continued his remarks by explaining the history of the country’s CNG industry: The first development programs for alternative fuels date back to the early 1950s, and in 1977 this industry is almost in its infancy. There were a number of cars that burned gas, which the revolution and the imposed war stopped this process, and until 2003, no special action was taken to develop alternative fuels. In the beginning of the 80’s and until 1390, the CNG industry experienced 100% growth, but from the beginning of the 90’s, with artificial manipulation of prices and seven times the price of CNG, the growth of this industry stopped until 1398 with gasoline quotas. And pricing reform was an incentive to reuse CNG in our country.
Mahmoudian reminded: with the laying of infrastructure from the 80s to the 90s, equivalent to 40 billion dollars in foreign exchange savings were made, which was wasted between 1390 and 1398, and unfortunately more than 40 billion dollars due to incorrect pricing of fuel C We lost NG. Therefore, at present, this sector needs the Energy Commission, as a legal duty, to regulate the country’s fuel basket based on official and international studies, and we are ready for any cooperation in this field to reform the country’s energy basket.
He continued by criticizing the 10th parliament and the oversight bodies: “Unfortunately, despite the fact that the Sixth Development Plan mentioned the perspective of setting the country’s fuel basket, but this plan was not realized by the previous parliament and it is questionable why valuable laws It is not implemented in our country and it is not clear exactly what body is the law enforcer and supervisor. Therefore, we expect the Energy Commission of the Eleventh Majlis to help us in the development of the country’s CNG industry by adjusting the country’s energy portfolio based on the expertise done.
The President of the National Union of Alternative Fuels and Related Industries regarding the export capacity of natural gas said: “Currently, due to sanctions and political issues, it is not possible to export natural gas and the cheapest export route is through the pipeline, which unfortunately this capacity It is not created in our country and in the current situation, the best solution is to use natural gas in the transportation sector, and this is extremely valuable for our country, considering the currency savings, because it can make Iran the largest provider of CNG services. Convert in the area.
Mahmoudian continued: “By legislating and targeting the price of diesel, without increasing it, incentives can be created to burn gas for a car that has used diesel for years in the transportation sector.” Thus, rationalizing the price of diesel will prevent fuel smuggling, eliminate the wrong allocation of diesel subsidies, and save currency, which can be spent on building infrastructure.
He pointed out: The development of CNG industry is the wisest step in the field of resistance economy because one of the dimensions of resistance economy is the use of domestic capacities in order to boost production and optimal use of resources. At present, the largest manufacturers of CNG tanks are present in our country, the mechanical parts required for the conversion process are produced in the country, and we only need scientific and internalization activities in the electronics sector. Also, in the field of gasoline vehicle conversion process, localization has been done and in the field of diesel, more than 85% of parts have been localized. Therefore, in the context that the political situation in the world is changing, we must make the best use of this God-given blessing and we can provide good services to neighboring countries in the future along with the sale of gas in the field of construction of stations, installation and periodic inspections. It will be a valuable action for the country.