If you experience pain when defecating, you should not ignore it. These conditions can occur for a variety of reasons, some of which are serious.
“If the pain in the anus does not subside within 24 to 48 hours, you will experience constant bleeding from the rectum, you have a mass that does not heal, or you have a fever with anal pain,” Asr Iran reported, quoting Leo Strong. You should see a doctor.
In the following, we will become more familiar with some reasons for feeling pain when defecating.
You have constipation
Constipation is one of the main causes of painful bowel movements. The pressure a person puts on defecation and the stiffness of the stool are two reasons why constipation is painful. Excretion of stool that is too hard or too large can cause painful conditions due to muscle strain.
When you put pressure on yourself regularly or spend a long time sitting, the pressure in the lower part of the rectum increases, which may lead to painful hemorrhoids, which we will discuss in more detail below.
To help prevent constipation and hemorrhoids, eating high-fiber foods, drinking six to eight glasses of water a day, and exercising regularly are recommended. Also, avoid putting too much pressure or sitting on the toilet for long periods of time, and do not delay doing so when you need to use the toilet.
If you have constipation, you can use over-the-counter stool softeners to improve the condition.
You have diarrhea
Diarrhea can also cause discomfort and pain when defecating.
Because diarrhea accelerates the digestive process, food often does not break down completely. This means that stomach acids, digestive enzymes and bile may travel to the large intestine, which can cause a burning sensation in the rectum during defecation.
Also, if you eat spicy food, you may experience the presence of capsaicin (the active ingredient in hot peppers) in your stool. This compound can irritate the digestive tissue and cause a burning sensation associated with diarrhea.
In addition, food that is not fully digested may cause physical damage to the rectum and lead to pain. Large, hard foods and those that contain grains, shells, or pods can rub against the inner wall of the rectum, causing a tear in the delicate tissue.
To treat diarrhea, you can consider a high-fiber diet to tighten your stools and increase fluid intake.
You have hemorrhoids
Hemorrhoids can cause severe pain when defecating. Hemorrhoids are swollen veins in the lower part of the rectum and anus. The walls of the blood vessels that are under pressure are stretched and stimulated as much as possible during defecation.
Mild cases of hemorrhoids only cause pain when defecating because the blood vessels dilate and usually heal on their own without the need for special treatment, but severe cases of hemorrhoids may cause persistent pain and can be effective in treating an over-the-counter cream such as Preparation H. .
You have an anal fissure
Anal fissure is another condition that can cause pain when passing stool.
Anal fissure is a rupture in the anus that may cause muscle spasm and stretch edges.
Anal fissures can be caused by physical injury, childbirth, or a sexually transmitted infection.
Anal fissure is easily treated. To begin with, it is recommended to increase the consumption of fiber and fluids to soften the stool, which facilitates the passage of stool and causes less pain.
In addition, immersion in warm water and the use of nitroglycerin cream to increase blood flow to the fissure will help loosen the sphincter and enhance the healing process.
You can also use an anesthetic cream such as lidocaine hydrochloride to reduce pain. But if the anal fissure does not respond to these treatments, your doctor may recommend surgery.
You have pelvic floor problems
Pelvic floor problems can cause pain when defecating.
When there is a disorder in the pelvic floor, the person is unable to control the muscles that help complete the bowel movement.
In addition to painful bowel movements, a person may experience back pain, pelvic pain, or constipation for no apparent reason.
Treatment typically includes behavioral changes such as avoiding excessive pressure during defecation, learning how to relax the pelvic floor muscles, taking a hot bath, yoga, relaxing medications such as diazepam, and physiotherapy.
You have a sexually transmitted infection
Any sexually transmitted disease can affect the anal area and cause pain when passing stool.
For example, chlamydia in the rectum can cause discharge and discomfort when defecating.
If the symptoms are normally manageable, you may need to see a doctor to prescribe an antibiotic.
You have a skin condition
Skin conditions such as psoriasis, eczema and warts can affect the anal area.
Pain, itching, and bleeding can occur before and after defecation in the area around the anus.
You should consult a dermatologist to make the right diagnosis and treatment options.
You have anal cancer
Although not common, anal cancer can also cause painful bowel movements.
Tumors can cause bleeding, abnormalities, and changes in bowel habits, and the pain can get worse over time.
If you experience anal pain and bleeding that does not heal or worsens, see your doctor as soon as possible for a thorough examination.
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