Mehr news agency, Religion and Religion Group, Samaneh Nourizadeh Qasri: Hazrat Zeinab Kobra (s) In the fifth year of AH, the 5th of Jamadi First He was born in Medina. Hazrat Zeinab Kobra (s) He grew up in a house where worship was the essence and adornment of life. Zeinab’s character (s) It was formed in such a way that in each dimension it evoked the virtues and perfections of his dear grandfather and noble parents. Zainab (s) It was a full-length mirror in which everyone looked at the greatness of the Ahl al-Bayt (ع) Observed. From Imam Sajjad (ع) It is narrated that the Imam said: Indeed, aunt ام Zainab (PBUH) prays all her obligatory and mustahab prayers along our way from Kufa to Sham, and prays sitting in some houses, and this was due to her hunger and weakness, because it was three nights that she ate He would give it to the children, because those hard-hearted people would not give us one more loaf of bread every day and night. Hazrat Zainab (PBUH) considers the concept of the joy of life in the eternal pleasure of mentioning God. In his logic, life without mentioning God is worse than hundreds of deaths. Its celestial light is so radiant in his nature that the darkness of the world’s pains and pains appear bright and beautiful in his eyes, and the desire to worship the poisons of sorrows and calamities has turned into a refreshing syrup in his palate.
Sermons of Zeinab Kobra (s) In Kufa and Sham, there are eloquent documents that prove his scientific status without evidence. میشناند.
Despite all these virtues and greatness of the character of Hazrat Zeinab Kobra (s) When we refer to historical books, as they should and perhaps, historical books cannot introduce the personality of that Imam, and the historical narrations about that existence of Mubarak are not complete and comprehensive. In this regard and a study of the personality dimensions of Hazrat Zeinab Kobra (s) On the occasion of the birth of that Imam, we sat down to talk with Dr. Mohammad Hossein Rajabi Davani, a researcher and expert in the history of Islam.
Mohammad Hossein Rajabi Davani in a conversation with Mehr Reporter Regarding the scientific personality of Hazrat Zeinab Kobra (s) And the quotations that have been quoted from him in historical books, he said: “Because the rulers, firstly, were considered usurping caliphates and, secondly, they were opposed to the Shiites and Shiites, they tried to uphold the virtues of the Ahl al-Bayt (ع) It should not be reflected and there should be no knowledge about them in the society. In addition, due to the fact that the Shiites are being taqiyyah, many Shiite historical historians have the possibility of writing virtues and teachings from the Ahl al-Bayt (ع) Have not.
He continued: The main things about which the holy existence has been narrated are his association with Hazrat Sayyid al-Shuhada (ع) It is during the Ashura uprising that due to the fact that the Ashura uprising was against the rule of the Benjamites and attracted the attention of historians, parts of the words of Hazrat Zainab (PBUH) have been quoted in historical sources. These include the words of Hazrat Zainab (PBUH) in dealing with Umar Sa’d after the fall of Imam Hussein (AS), which has been narrated in some opponents, and the movement of the caravan of prisoners from Kufa and the statement of facts in burning mourning and گداز That Imam after the martyrdom of Imam Hussein (ع) And his revealing speeches to the people Shake Dad pointed out.
This researcher of the history of Islam regarding historical narrations about the role of Hazrat Zeinab Kobra (s) In important events in the history of Islam, he stated: That Imam as a message رسان The event of Karbala and the continuation of the path of Imam Hussein (AS) is known. It can be boldly said that if it were not for Hazrat Zainab (PBUH) and if it were not for her beating, the event of Karbala would have disappeared and been buried in the incident of Ashura and would not have been reflected in history. In this regard, Hazrat Zainab (PBUH) has played a very important role in relation to the happiness and guidance of the Islamic community. A scathing speech in the Majlis of Obaidullah ibn Ziad that confuses and humiliates this evil, arrogant, pretentious and terrible ruler in front of the eyes of the great men of the government to the extent that son Ziad was so angry with his humiliation that the order to kill Hazrat Zainab (s) But he did not succeed in doing so, and then the speech of Hazrat Zainab (PBUH) and his sermon in Yazid’s Majlis, where he still beats Yazid with the power of his faith, which changes the atmosphere of the Majlis and against Beni امه And Yazid becomes, all these are passages that have been mentioned from the presence and strength of Hazrat Zainab (PBUH) in history. Also from Hazrat Zainab (s) There are words about returning to Medina and the shrine of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) and offering condolences to him, and we do not see any more in the sources.
Lack of appearance and emergence of the scientific personality of Hazrat Zainab (PBUH) in history
Rajabi Davani, referring to the scientific personality of that Imam, added: The best interpretation can be considered the holy words of Imam Sajjad (AS) addressed to his noble aunt that when the caravan of prisoners of God entered Kufa and the people of Kufa came to watch with the words that Hazrat Zainab (PBUH) stated and drastically changed the atmosphere of Kufa. Imam Sajjad (PBUH) said to that Imam: “You are the praise of God. عالِمَةٌ غَیرُ مُعَلَّمَةٍ، فَهِمَةٌ غَیرُ مُفهَّمَةٍI mean you Oh you Aunt Jan, thank God, you are a scientist who has not seen and understood a teacher that no one has taught you to understand. That is, that holy being, like the Infallibles (AS) and the Imams, had divine knowledge and understanding that did not need a teacher. However, Hazrat Zainab (s) In addition to this great virtue, which from the scientific and epistemological point of view, Imam Sajjad (AS) considers it a sacred existence, taking advantage of the presence of his noble ancestor, the Holy Prophet (PBUH) and his great mother, Hazrat Fatemeh Zahra (s) And his great father Amir Momenan (ع) And his dear brothers Imam Hassan (ع) And Imam Hussein (ع), Had brought him to a great degree of knowledge and knowledge, which unfortunately did not create the opportunity for the emergence of these prominent officials. As for our Imams in most of the 250 years of the presence of Imams (ع) It was like that.
He pointed out that there is no reliable quotation about the mystical conduct of Hazrat Zeinab Kobra (PBUH) in historical sources, and said: “Unfortunately, in this regard, like other cases, about the virtues of Hazrat Zeinab (PBUH) (s) It was because of hiding. I did not come across anything in the books and historical sources, but we can refer to the same issue that happened after the tragic event in Karbala. After seeing all those calamities, the night prayer of that holy being was not left even at the supper of strangers. However, due to the intensity of grief and sorrow, the Imam was unable to stand on his own two feet and performed his night prayer while sitting. Hazrat Zeinab Kobra (s) They do not leave communication and solitude with their God and talking to their God in the middle of the night, which is the work of mystics, in such a difficult situation and during captivity.
Accompanying the province in all stages of life
This researcher of the history of Islam regarding whether Hazrat Zainab (s) Apart from the cases mentioned in history, whether they had other roles or not, he stated: It can be pointed out that the Amir al-Mu’minin (AS) during his caliphate took the center of government from Medina. النبی He changed to Kufa, and in this matter, he did not go directly from Medina to Kufa, but to confront sedition. ناکثین And the violators went from Medina to Basra. The purpose of confronting this sedition was that after suppressing these seditionists, the Commander of the Faithful (pbuh) went to Kufa and never returned to Medina. It is interesting that Hazrat Zainab (s) They leave Medina with their wives and children and go to Kufa می Future. In fact, they seek the help of the province and the support of the province, and they drew their lives on this basis, and therefore we see that after the martyrdom of the Amir al-mu’minin (ع) And the peace of Imam Hassan Mojtaba (AS) When the Imam of the time who is Imam Mojtaba (AS) leaves Kufa and returns to Medina, Hazrat Zainab (AS) returned to Medina from Kufa at the foot of the province and settled next to the owner of the province.
Timely attendance and conscientiousness of the lessons of the life of Hazrat Zeinab (s) Is
He expressed the lessons learned from the life of Hazrat Zainab (s) Can be extracted, said: The most important lesson from the life of Hazrat Zainab (s) Knowing the time and doing your homework and not being afraid of the problems and difficulties of defending and doing your homework. The most important task for the Imam was to fully support and defend the owners of the province during his lifetime. What a noble father he is Amir The believers (AS) And what great brothers Al-Qadr Imam Hassan (AS) and Imam Hussein (AS) and in the presence of his nephew اش Hazrat Imam Sajjad (AS). For the sake of defending and accompanying the province, he left his life in Medina and came to Kufa. He left Kufa again and went to Medina. After Imam Hussein (AS) was in danger and migrated from Medina to Mecca and from Mecca to Kufa, which ends in Karbala, accompanied by the province and endured hardships می Wisdom and has little hesitation in this task and does not take a step back. Also when Imam Sajjad (ع) To the Imamate می They arrived And the dangers of the existence of that great Imam threaten Hazrat Zainab (s) With his timely presence and decisive and astonishing action, he saves the life of the Imam of his time in several critical moments.
In the end, he referred to the great and high position of Hazrat Zeinab Kobra (s) He said: The greatest lesson of conscientiousness and timely presence to do homework and not be afraid of hardships is that Hazrat Zainab (s) They were in charge of it. There is no duty higher than knowing the province, accompanying the province and defending it.