“Today, Burjam is under pressure from many fronts,” he wrote in The Foreign Policy of the European Union under Covid-19. I am sure that action to preserve it is not only necessary but also urgent for at least two reasons: First, it took 12 years for the international community and Iran to put aside their differences and reach an agreement. “If Burjam is lost, no other comprehensive or effective alternative can be expected.”
In the book, Borrell argues that Burjam is not just a “symbolic success.” “Borjam is not just a symbolic success,” he wrote. This agreement fulfilled its promises and worked. “The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has confirmed in 15 consecutive monitoring reports from January 2016 to June 2019 that Iran has complied with its obligations under the agreement due to its unprecedented access.”
The EU foreign policy chief further reminded that the Islamic Republic of Iran fully implemented the agreement for 14 months, despite the withdrawal of the United States from the UN Security Council.
In May 1397, the United States withdrew from the agreement approved by the UN Security Council in violation of its obligations.
Iran fully complied with its obligations under the nuclear deal within a year of the US withdrawal, giving European countries that promised to repay the effects of the withdrawal a chance to live up to their commitments.
A year later, when European governments failed to deliver on their promises, Tehran announced that it would reduce its obligations under the nuclear deal in a few steps, in accordance with the provisions of the nuclear deal.
Iran has since stated that it is not required to comply with the IAEA Board’s restrictions on enrichment, uranium reserves and research on advanced centrifuges. In addition, Tehran has resumed work on an assembly line to make metal uranium.
Iran recently announced that it would suspend the voluntary implementation of the Additional Protocol on March 26th. This action is in line with the implementation of the law approved by the Islamic Consultative Assembly of Iran, which obliges Iran’s partners in Borjam to lift sanctions and protect the interests of the Iranian people, in line with the rights of the Islamic Republic of Iran under Articles 26 and 36 of Borjam.
In this book, Borrell reminds that Iran has fully implemented this agreement after the withdrawal of the United States from the UN Security Council. “Although the resumption of US sanctions clearly had negative effects on the Iranian economy and people, Tehran adhered to the agreement for another 14 months,” he wrote. But now, Iran is once again accumulating alarming levels of enriched uranium and gaining new nuclear knowledge. “Borjam is worn out, and previous fears are emerging again.”
In another part of the book, Joseph Borrell said that in the guise of a coordinator of Borjam, he will take all necessary measures to maintain Borjam.
“I will continue to work with all parties remaining in this agreement and with the international community as a whole in the capacity of coordinating the IAEA Board,” the EU foreign policy chief wrote. “We will continue to take all possible measures to preserve what we achieved five years ago and to ensure that the agreement is implemented.”
In another part of the book, the EU foreign policy chief warns that if Borjam is lost, the international community will lose the opportunity to monitor Iran’s nuclear program.
“It is important to note that Iran’s nuclear program is under scrutiny and its peaceful nature is constantly being tested,” the book said. Thanks to inspections by the International Atomic Energy Agency, we know a great deal about Iran’s nuclear program, even in the current context. “If this agreement is to be lost, we will lose this information and go back two decades.”
Joseph Borrell cites Borjam as one of the key components of “non-proliferation architecture” in the world and calls for its implementation by all parties, including Iran. He also stressed that Iran should be able to enjoy the economic benefits envisaged in the agreement.
“I firmly believe that Burjam has become a key component of the nonproliferation architecture, and that is why I continue to urge all parties to maintain their commitment to the full implementation of this agreement,” the Borrell said.
He added: “Iran, in turn, must return to full compliance with its obligations, but it must also be able to reap the economic benefits envisaged in the agreement. “In Europe, we can do more to meet Iran’s legitimate trade expectations by taking measures to protect our companies from US extraterritorial sanctions.”
The new US administration, led by Joe Biden, while acknowledging that the policy of maximum pressure has failed has said it intends to bring the United States back to BRICS. The Islamic Republic of Iran has stated that the condition for the return of the United States to the UN Security Council is the unconditional lifting of all sanctions imposed, reimposed or relabaled by the US government against Iran.
On the other hand, the Biden government has stated that the condition for returning to Borjam is Iran’s withdrawal from the compensatory measures that Tehran has put on the agenda in response to the withdrawal of the United States from Borjam and the non-fulfillment of the promises of the European parties.
The Islamic Republic of Iran has stated that it is not in a hurry to return the United States to Borjam, and that Washington is not in a position to stipulate the implementation of this agreement due to its unilateral violation.
Biden administration officials, despite acknowledging the failure of the maximum pressure policy in similar statements to Trump administration officials, say they intend to use the return to the BJP as a platform to “strengthen and prolong” the agreement. Explaining the components of this “broader agreement” with Iran, the Biden administration said it was necessary to address disputes with Iran over missiles and regional activities.
In his book, Joseph Borrell also expressed the hope that the preservation of the UN Security Council could provide a basis for dialogue with Iran in other areas.
“The EU will intensify its efforts to build bridges and reduce differences between all parties involved,” he wrote. “I believe that if we can maintain the UN Security Council and ensure its full implementation, it can be a cornerstone for moving towards addressing other common concerns, including issues related to regional security.”
“We need to get back to more positive movements,” he added. When the time comes, we must be ready to build on this agreement. “The EU is ready to do that, but the first step is to keep the whole agreement in its current form.”