According to the latest reports of the Statistics Center of Iran, the results of the study show that the effect of Covid 19 on the country’s labor market is evident in the spring compared to the same period last year. According to these results, the inactive population of the country has increased and the employed and unemployed population of the country (active population) has decreased significantly. An examination of the unemployment rate of people aged 15 and over shows that 9.8% of the active population (employed and unemployed) were unemployed. An examination of the trend of changes in the unemployment rate shows that this index has decreased by 1.1 percent compared to the same quarter in 1998.
In the spring of 1999, 41.0% of the population aged 15 and over were economically active, ie employed or unemployed. An examination of changes in the economic participation rate shows that this rate has decreased by 3.7 percent compared to the same period last year (Spring 98).
The population of employees aged 15 and over in this season was 22 million 963 thousand people, which is a decrease of about 1.5 million people compared to the same season of the previous year.
The services, agriculture, industry and construction sectors are the four economic sectors that create jobs in the country. In the next ranks are the industrial sectors with 31.8% and agriculture with 18.6%.
The unemployment rate for young people aged 15 to 24 indicates that 24.5% of activists in this age group were unemployed in the spring of ’99. An examination of the seasonal changes in the unemployment rate of these people shows that this rate has decreased by 2.0% compared to the same season in the previous year (spring 98).
An examination of the unemployment rate in the 18-35 age group also shows that in the spring of 1999, 16.7% of the active population in this age group were unemployed. Seasonal changes in the unemployment rate of these people show that this rate has decreased by 1.5 percent compared to the spring of 1998.
According to various reports, including the Parliamentary Research Center, about 2 to 6 million people lost their jobs during the corona and lost their jobs, and now the Minister of Labor has announced the re-employment of 40% of the people insured from the Corona.
Corona headquarters approval for Corona unemployment insurance benefits
Mohammad Shariatmadari, Minister of Cooperatives, Labor and Social Welfare, also said about the latest unemployment statistics: “The Statistics Center of Iran, as a statistical reference, announces the unemployment rate; Of course, due to the corona situation in the country, there was a lot of pressure on the labor force, especially on the service sector, and we tried to reduce these pressures to a minimum, and in this regard we designed a system for unemployed people from Corona, of course 40% of unemployed people From Corona, re-employed.
The Minister of Cooperatives, Labor and Social Welfare also said about the formation of the Workers’ Wages Committee next year: “Meetings of wage committees will be held continuously and regional wage proposals, thematic wage reviews and other issues will be held, but decisions on wages for the year will be made.” The future is usually postponed to the end of the year, because the retail price index of goods and services in the country is closer to reality at the end of the year, and we try to choose in a way that puts less pressure on workers.
“Under normal circumstances, those who are forcibly unemployed and covered by unemployment insurance go through the legal process, but when they become unemployed,” he said, referring to workers’ grievances over unemployment insurance and the fact that some said they had taken unemployment insurance into account. Due to the corona, many workers were faced with two unemployment insurance laws and the law approved by the National Corona Headquarters, which in the Unemployment Law, Articles 6 and 7, decide on unemployment insurance benefits, but the National Corona Headquarters approved at least one for the unemployed. 50% of the minimum wage must be paid, so we designed a system to register unemployed workers within a week, and people registered in the system without a face-to-face visit and received unemployment benefits without their documents going through the legal process.
Shariatmadari said: For the unemployed in March of last year, April and May of this year, we saw an increase in unemployment payments from 2,500 billion tomans to 3,600 billion tomans; More than 800,000 unemployed workers also applied for unemployment insurance, which normally took six months to process, but according to a decision by the National Corona Headquarters, all applications were approved and unemployment insurance was paid based on the last payment to the workers. Because the decision of the Corona headquarters was in accordance with the law. Of course, this law was slightly different from the unemployment insurance law.
He said: “In any case, the payment was made to the unemployed workers of Corona, and all our efforts are to do this work without the presence of the workers, and a large number of service workers were unemployed.”
The Minister of Cooperatives, Labor and Social Welfare also added: “The Crohn’s living loan was also paid to the workers, and it was decided that those who receive a living subsidy, in addition to those with a fixed income, will also receive a new CMK 1 million loan.”