An international summit on Afghanistan settlement was held in Moscow on Thursday in the form of the so-called Extended Troika (Russia, US, China and Pakistan), representatives of the Afghan government, the Taliban, as well as Qatari and UN delegations. .
A delegation led by Abdullah Abdullah from the Afghan National Reconciliation Council, a delegation of Afghan negotiators chaired by Mohammad Masoom Stanekzai with Matin Beyk, Ahmad Nader Naderi and Habiba Sarabi, a Taliban group led by Mullah Baradar and political delegations from Russia, the United States, China and Pakistan. Qatar, the United Nations attended the meeting.
The Russian Foreign Ministry said that the negotiating parties discussed ways to help advance negotiations inside Afghanistan, reduce violence, stop armed actions and fight drug trafficking with the aim of achieving lasting peace.
Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said at the opening of the meeting that the ISIS terrorist group was trying to use the current situation in Afghanistan to strengthen its position in the country.
Lavrov said forces on both sides (the Afghan government and the Taliban) were suffering casualties and that civilians were being killed in the fighting.
He added: “In these circumstances, Afghanistan has a special concern that radical and terrorist groups in the first place are trying to strengthen their position on the battlefield.”
“According to our assessment, the ISIS terrorist group is not stopping its efforts to consolidate its position in northern Afghanistan in order to carry out its plans in the Central Asian region,” he said.
Lavrov added: “All of this creates the conditions for the further development of drug trafficking, which is a serious threat to Afghanistan and the region and the whole world, the revenue of which largely provides terrorist activities.”
“Moscow calls on Washington and representatives of the Taliban to continue to abide by the Doha Compromise Agreement, which was signed in February 2020,” he said.
According to Lavrov, the Troika format, which includes Russia, China and the United States, to which Pakistan has been added, was created to create the conditions for the start of Afghan peace talks and to coordinate international efforts to assist Afghanistan in the post-conflict period.
Abdullah Abdullah hopes for a fruitful Moscow summit
On the sidelines of the meeting, Abdullah Abdullah, Chairman of the Supreme National Reconciliation Council of Afghanistan, described to the media the composition of the delegations from the government and the Supreme National Reconciliation Council to attend the Moscow meeting and expressed hope that the talks would yield acceptable results. To follow.
“We welcome any action that helps resolve the crisis and achieve peace and security in Afghanistan,” he said, appreciating Russia’s hosting and Moscow’s efforts to accelerate the process of achieving peace and stability in Afghanistan.
Statement of the meeting
The participants in the Moscow summit issued a statement emphasizing the end of the war and the achievement of national reconciliation in Afghanistan.
According to the Russian Foreign Ministry, the countries participating in the Moscow summit, including Russia, China and the United States, as well as Pakistan, issued a statement on Thursday emphasizing the need to fulfill the Afghan people’s desire for a just peace in the country.
The parties to the Moscow summit said in a statement that lasting peace in Afghanistan is possible only through political settlement and negotiation.
The statement said: “We call on all parties to the conflict in Afghanistan to reduce violence in the country and call on the Taliban to use spring attacks to prevent casualties and to create the conditions for a settlement. Political refrain from negotiation.
Iran and India vacancies in this meeting
According to analysts, the Afghanistan agreement will be one of the main international news in the coming weeks. In addition to the so-called expanded troika (Russia, US, China and Pakistan) on March 27 in the Russian capital on Thursday, a UN-sponsored conference on Afghanistan will be held in Istanbul on Russia, the United States, India, China and Pakistan will participate.
The organizers of the Moscow conference, chaired by Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov, see the creation of conditions for the intensification of peace talks between Afghanistan and Doha as their main task.
Moscow and Washington seemingly want to resolve the Afghan crisis without competition. However, the Russian and US scenarios for international mediation in Afghanistan involve two teams of different players. A comparison of the list of participants in the “Moscow” and “Istanbul” processes shows their fundamental differences: because the two leading regional powers, Iran and India, were not invited to consult in Moscow.