End of freezing in the tourism hub

According to the announced statistics World Tourism Organization As of November 1, 2020, a total of 152 countries, or 70% of the total destinations in the world, have reduced restrictions on international travel due to the coronavirus epidemic, an increase of about 37 destinations compared to September 1, 2020. In contrast, 27% of all destinations around the world with 59 destinations still close their borders to international tourists, which is a decrease of 34 destinations compared to September 1.

The greatest reduction of restrictions is observed in the destinations that have the best and highest health index as well as environmental performance. There is also a significant difference between regions of the world in reducing travel restrictions with international tourism goals. Europe (as a tourism hub) has the largest share of easing restrictions, followed by Africa, the United States and the Middle East. Asia-Pacific also accounts for the largest share of full or partial closure of their borders.

Studies show that in the tourism dimension, 79% of the total destinations that have tried to reduce travel restrictions have a superior and stronger structure in the tourism market, of which about 47 destinations have a significant dependence on tourism revenues, as well as 60% of these destinations. Extensive to aviation industry They have. Fifty-two percent of these destinations have a strong health infrastructure that has facilitated the arrival of international travelers. Leading and emerging countries account for the largest share of these destinations. Thirty-three of the 42 leading destinations in the world have reduced travel restrictions by 79 percent, and this figure has been reduced in 119 of the 171 destinations in emerging countries. In contrast, emerging countries such as developing and underdeveloped countries have the largest share of destinations that have completely closed their borders, and this figure is 30% in emerging countries and 14% in leading countries.

Statistics from the World Tourism Organization show that the top 10 tourist destinations in the world, which accounted for about 49% of international tourists in 2018, had the largest share in reducing restrictions, and 6 countries – the United States, Germany, Britain, France, Italy and the Netherlands. It accounts for 30% of the total tourism market and has had a significant impact on international travel following the gradual reopening of borders and the reduction of travel restrictions.

91% of the total European destinations, equivalent to 49 countries, have had the largest reduction of restrictions since November 1, when Turkey lifted all restrictions on Covid-19 and only 4 European countries closed their borders to foreign travelers. Since then, the Americas and Africa, with 40 destinations, accounting for about 78% of all destinations in the US and 75% of all destinations in Africa, have reduced their travel restrictions, including three destinations in Costa Rica, the Dominican Republic and Haiti. The US region has completely lifted all restrictions, and eight Middle Eastern countries have reduced their travel restrictions by 63% of their total destinations. The Asia-Pacific region has the lowest rate of reduction of restrictions, with only 15 destinations in Asia-Pacific, or 33% of destinations, reducing their travel restrictions. In contrast, 27 destinations in Asia and the Pacific have completely closed their borders to international tourists, and the rest of the region has imposed minor restrictions on foreign travelers.

Developing countries with small islands whose economies are heavily dependent on international tourism revenues have eased restrictions on entry to these destinations, of which 35 destinations (65%) of the islands, most of which are in the Americas, are gradually reopening. Borders and restrictions have been reduced, and 17 destinations, mostly in the Asia-Pacific region, continue to close their borders, in whole or in part.

According to the World Tourism Organization, out of 217 registered destinations, 118 destinations have closed their borders in full or in part, although this number was 161 destinations on September 1, of which 59 destinations have closed their borders completely to international tourists and 59 destinations. They have partially closed their borders and created certain restrictions. Complete closure of borders means the closure of all air, land and sea borders for international purposes, and the partial closure of borders means the closure of one or two air, land and sea borders, not all the borders of that destination.

In 126 destinations around the world, foreign travelers are asked to submit a negative Covid-19 test upon arrival, of which 67 destinations are considered the most important entry principle for the country, and 59 other destinations consider the test as an additional condition for entry. . Also, about 12 destinations have assigned their travel restrictions to certain countries and do not allow travelers from certain countries to enter their country, and about 10 destinations send tourists to a 14-day quarantine upon arrival, and about 6 countries have visa restrictions or Special nationalities have been considered. The four countries of Costa Rica, the Dominican Republic, Haiti and Turkey have also lifted all restrictions on Covid-19, even performing a negative corona test.

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