Everything we need to know about coronary heart disease!

The first case of the disease was discovered in September 2012 in a 60-year-old man in Saudi Arabia, which resulted in the death of a patient. The man had traveled to Dubai a few days earlier and the second case involved a 49-year-old man in Qatar who also died. The discovery of the disease was first confirmed at the Health Protection Agency’s laboratory in Colindale, London.

It has been suggested that this condition be called Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV).

One of the remarkable points of this disease is that most of its cases have occurred among health centers such as hospitals. In France, the cases have been reported only in hospitals, and it seems that there must be an underlying factor like other diseases. To increase the probability of human infection with this disease.

Some doctors consider this disease to be a type of SARS disease that was common in the Far East around 2003. SARS also has respiratory symptoms that can lead to death. SARS virus is also a member of the coronavirus family.

History of coronaviruses:

This viral family was first discovered in 1960, which causes colds in humans and animals, and is characterized by crown-like growths on the wall surfaces of viruses.

The main symptoms of coronary heart disease MERS-CoV: Although according to the WHO the symptoms of this disease are still unknown, but the main symptoms of this disease are fever, cough, shortness of breath and acute respiratory problems. The patient may also have a cough for several days, apparently for no apparent reason. In acute cases, gastrointestinal problems such as diarrhea, acute respiratory failure, coagulation disorders, pericarditis and renal failure have also been reported, which requires hemodialysis if the patient occurs.

The incubation period of this disease is about 7 days.

Everything you need to know about coronary heart disease

Treatment of coronary heart disease (MERS-CoV): No approved treatment for this disease is known yet, and only recommending inpatient respiratory support in patients with acute respiratory problems can be the solution, and in fact medical centers only treat acute cases of the disease. They treat symptoms.

How MERS-CoV transmits coronary heart disease: We do not yet have complete information on this method, but the methods of transmitting the disease from person to person are similar to influenza. Through coughing and sneezing. However, the possibility of transmitting the disease outdoors is very limited, and human-to-human transmission has occurred in cases where people have been with the patient indoors for a long time, such as people who have been in contact with patients in hospitals.

It is not yet known whether the disease was first transmitted to humans through animals or through virus-infected surfaces.

How to protect against MERS-CoV virus and clear the virus: Given that all the information about this disease goes back to the last few months, it is not yet possible to comment on this, but it is necessary to isolate the sick people and Health care workers who are in contact with patients should consider all protective items such as the use of special clothing, gloves and even goggles.

The virus is very fragile and dies outside the human body and animals after 24 hours. Also, simple detergents and disinfectants can easily kill the coronavirus.

The most important things that people can observe are personal hygiene and regular hand washing. It is also better to use special masks in dealing with suspicious people, which are usually available in all countries.

It is better for people to avoid unnecessary trips to Saudi Arabia, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates.

Everything you need to know about coronary heart disease

Origin of Corona virus: We still do not know where this virus came from. Animals ? birds ? Or, researchers suggest, the virus may have been caused by mutations in animals or birds (zoonoses). But it is not yet possible to comment on this. There are also rumors that the disease is man-made.

Vaccine: Yes

Laboratory diagnosis and testing of coronary heart disease: To diagnose this disease, a method called PCR is used, which examines the DNA fragments of the virus. This method is also performed in the laboratories of the Ministry of Health in the Islamic Republic of Iran.

Caution: As mentioned earlier, it is better for people to consider this disease in their target countries when traveling abroad. This should be especially important in the case of Iranians who travel frequently to Saudi Arabia and Dubai. It is also necessary for people to be careful in dealing with patients who have symptoms similar to colds and flu and who have recently traveled to Arab countries and France, and to consider protective measures.

Source: Wetland