According to reports EconomyNews According to ISNA, about a year after the beginning of the Covid 19 epidemic, extensive research is needed to further identify the disease and the behavior of the virus.
See the latest economic news and analysis on Eqtesadnews Instagram
Given the high rate of spread of the virus worldwide, research needs to focus on the possible role of genetics in the incidence of the disease. In order to be able to accurately clarify the route of transmission of the virus and the symptoms and underlying factors causing it.
With the spread of the coronavirus, some people began to self-medicate and put a lot of emphasis on the use of herbs, foods and supplements. Some of these treatments have side effects, and their possible interaction with patients’ medications is unknown and may lead to irreparable damage.
According to the above points and the fact that the effect of supplements is still under discussion, “Mina Jafarabadi” and “Fadiyeh Haqqallahi”; Researchers at the Reproductive Health Research Center of Tehran University of Medical Sciences, along with other colleagues, examined the history of taking different supplements and their combination in hospitalized and outpatient patients of Covid 19.
This cross-sectional study was performed in the period from March 2010 to June 2016. In this study, all patients suspected of having Covid 19 infection who referred to the infectious disease clinic of Imam Khomeini Hospital in Tehran were examined. These patients were included in the study with symptoms of respiratory infection (fever, runny nose, sore throat, dry cough, etc.), gastrointestinal symptoms (nausea, vomiting, pain, etc.) and general symptoms (muscle pain, weakness, headache and dizziness). Were.
A total of 510 patients were evaluated based on the clinical findings of pulmonary vasculitis and asked about taking all therapeutic supplements such as multivitamins, vitamin C, vitamin E, folic acid, iron, omega 3 and omega 6.
The subjects were divided into two groups: hospitalized and outpatient. 171 people were in the inpatient group and 339 people were in the outpatient group. Studies showed that the mean age was higher in the hospitalized group and it seems that old age is the cause of more involvement due to this virus. It was also found that the level of education was lower in the inpatient group. Lower social status appears to be associated with an increased risk of viral disease.
The findings of this study indicated that in both inpatient and outpatient groups, the number of men is more than women. In patients with hypertension, diabetes and anemia were reported more than outpatients.
According to the results of this study, it can be said that fever symptoms in 54% of all patients and cough in 71% of all patients were two important factors in identifying patients with Covid. Other symptoms such as muscle pain, fatigue, headache, chest pain and sore throat were more common in the outpatient group than in the hospitalized group. Some patients had symptoms of nausea and diarrhea shortly before the fever, others had symptoms such as headache or vomiting of blood, and some were asymptomatic before the fever.
In general, according to the results of this study, fever, chills and cough are important factors in identifying patients with Covid and it is necessary to pay more attention to these symptoms by the treatment team and health policy.
In this study, it was found that the pattern of supplementation (daily, weekly, monthly and irregular) is not different between the two groups of hospitalization and outpatient. Among the supplements used, D3 and zinc supplementation were more common in outpatients than inpatients, and patients in both outpatient and inpatient groups did not use any of the supplements at all.
Another finding of this study was the role of anemia (hemoglobin less than 10) as a predisposing factor for the severity of Covid 19 disease in both outpatients and inpatients. For this reason, the researchers of this study recommend: “Anemia should be corrected for any reason, especially in the field of iron alone, during the corona crisis, because by weakening the immune system, the risk of infection will increase.”
“Fever, chills, and coughs were more common in identifying patients with Covid, and due to the supportive effect of vitamin D3 in reducing the severity of the disease, clinical trials and more comprehensive studies are recommended,” said the researchers.
The findings of this study were published in January of this year in the form of a scientific research article entitled “Evaluation of clinical symptoms and predisposing factors in Covid-19 patients” in the Journal of the Medical School of Tehran University of Medical Sciences.