Small kidney stones are usually excreted without any symptoms or problems, but larger stones nest in the urinary tract and cause pain; If these stones are not removed, they can lead to complications such as infection or kidney damage.
One of the functions of the kidneys is to remove excess urea and minerals from the blood; The human body usually excretes these substances in the urine, in some cases excessive accumulation of salts in the kidneys can lead to the formation of crystalline stones.
Kidney stones can form in both kidneys; These stones travel from there to the urinary tract, which connects the kidneys to the bladder.
Smaller kidney stones are usually excreted without any symptoms or problems, but larger stones nest in the urinary tract and cause pain; If these stones are not removed, they can lead to complications such as infection or kidney damage.
Several factors affect the rate at which kidney stones leave; In an article, Medical News Today examines the factors that accelerate the removal of kidney stones and prevent the formation and enlargement of kidney stones.
How long does it take for a kidney to expel a stone?
There are two main factors that affect the rate at which kidney stones leave; Stone size and location.
Smaller stones are usually excreted faster and with less pain; 80% of stones smaller than 4 mm are removed automatically within a month. About 60% of stones between 4 and 6 mm are removed in 45 days. Stones larger than 6 mm may also be removed from the body within a year, but it is best to seek surgical removal by consulting a doctor.
The location of the kidney stone affects whether the body can excrete the stone automatically; Some stones are located in the kidney itself, while others may form in the ducts.
Kidney stones at the top of the ducts are closer to the kidneys, and those at the bottom of the kidney are closer to the bladder; According to a 2014 study, about 50% of stones that form near the kidneys and 80% of stones that form near the bladder are excreted automatically without much intervention.
How to speed up the removal of rocks?
The best way to speed up the process of excretion of kidney stones is to drink plenty of water; High fluid intake increases urination, which helps move stones to the outlet. People can also prevent the formation of new stones and the enlargement of existing stones by reducing their intake of protein, calcium and salt and increasing their intake of citrus fruits.
Citrus fruits can help prevent kidney stones due to their citrate content. In addition, nutritionists and doctors can suggest special diets to treat kidney stones.
When to see a doctor?
“Pain” means that a person should see a doctor; Pain determines whether more medical attention is needed to remove kidney stones; Be sure to see your doctor if you experience symptoms such as severe and persistent pain in the back and sides, bad-smelling urine, burning sensation when urinating, blood in the urine, fever and chills, and vomiting; These can be signs of a kidney infection that needs immediate treatment to prevent more severe complications.
Apart from surgery, there are several ways to treat kidney stones; Surgery is rarely the first choice of treatment, but stones larger than 6 mm require surgery in “modern medicine”, but in “traditional medicine” there are nutritional solutions to treat even stones larger than 6 mm.
Stones of this size may become trapped in the urinary tract, leading to infection and damage to kidney tissue.
The length of time it takes for a patient to recover from kidney stones depends on the type of stone removed; If a stone is excreted naturally or with a small amount of medication, the side pain will go away quickly; If the stone has been surgically removed, the person can usually return to normal activities on the same day, but in some cases, people should avoid strenuous activities and, after consulting a specialist, return to a normal routine for about a week after surgery. To return.