Junidi: The report on monitoring the implementation of the constitution was prepared for the first time since the formation of the current constitution

The Vice President for Legal Affairs said: “The report on monitoring the implementation of the constitution testifies to the efforts of this deputy to develop the fundamental rights of the people, the position of the third chapter of the constitution and the Charter of Citizens’ Rights, which explains these rights.”

According to ISNA, Legal Vice President Laia Junidi at the unveiling ceremony of monitoring the implementation of the Constitution by receiving reports from all executive bodies and based on scientific and executive standard indicators for the first time in the last four decades, which was held in the presence of Hassan Rouhani ; Explaining the actions of the Legal Deputy for the implementation of the Constitution, he stated: From the beginning of my work in the Legal Vice President, two principles became the basis of my and my colleagues’ work. The first principle was the rule of law with emphasis on the constitution at the top of the pyramid of laws, and therefore we paid serious attention to the hierarchy of laws and considered the constitution as the fundamental regulator at the top of all laws and all laws, regulations and executive actions. We saw in the light of it.

He continued by pointing out: “According to an accepted and basic principle in jurisprudence, in all interpretations of the law, including the legal interpretation made by the legislator, the judicial interpretation made by the judge and the executive interpretation made by the law enforcers.” In the executive branch or other institutions, the constitution should be considered the supreme law and the beacon of interpretation.

Junidi said: “As an executive commentator for ordinary laws and all other regulations, whenever we were faced with multiple or multiple interpretations, we would go to the possibility that that law or regulation would converge with the constitution.” Because in any system, the fundamental order is based on the constitution and other systems must be a function of it.

He added: “The second principle that we considered in the analysis of the constitution and its structures and norms is the fundamental rights and freedoms of the people, which are collected in the third chapter of the constitution.” Since in the logic of law, the existential philosophy of statehood and governance in the general sense of the word and in all executive, legislative and judicial structures, is the provision of rights and people and the guarantee of their freedoms and individual and social development Chapter 3 and other principles Their nature is of this kind, it has a kind of essential superiority. In a way, it can be said that the heart of the constitution is there.

He added: “For this reason, we, in interpreting the limits of competencies, powers and frameworks of structures and norms in each report, correspondence, draft letter and writing issued by the Legal Department, adhere to the rights of the people, which were in the third chapter of the constitution. We acted in line with its actions and implementation. Because we considered the third chapter of the constitution as the main axis and an important criterion for measuring the performance of the government.

Referring to the fact that the President’s oversight of the implementation of the Constitution has been entrusted to the Legal Deputy since the beginning of the Eleventh Government, he said: “This Deputy, who took over responsibility from the beginning of the Twelfth Government, He took several steps in the development of constitutional rights and citizenship.

He added: “The report on monitoring the implementation of the constitution, which was prepared for the first time since the formation of the current constitution and will be unveiled today, as well as the collection of articles of the National Covenant, which is the result of last year’s Constitution Day conference. The rights that have been done in the field of civil rights are a proof of the efforts of this deputy to develop the basic and fundamental rights of the people, the position of the third chapter of the constitution and also the charter of civil rights which explains and explains these rights.
Referring to the task that the constitution has assigned to the president as the one in charge of its implementation and the guardian of the constitution, Junidi said, “We tried to help the country in this regard with professional and academic management.” In this regard, he added: In order to perform this task, several main tasks have been done in the legal department. First, the warnings that were prepared within the framework of the constitution regarding the supervision of the implementation of the constitution and were communicated to the president in order to protect the constitution in the best possible way. Take action because the implementation of the constitution itself is one of the rights of the Iranian nation, and in all cases where it was felt that the violation of the constitution might deprive the nation of its rights, warnings were issued and communicated to the president. He added: “At the next level and in relation to some social rights that were important, such as the issue of citizenship of children born to Iranian women married to foreign men, from negotiating to presenting a bill and following the law and preparing regulations and cooperation in the rules and We monitored its implementation, which has paid off today.

The Vice President for Legal Affairs said: “Also, in the field of standardization and bill-writing, and in fact, regulation, we followed this issue seriously and again by looking at the constitution, and we wrote several bills in cases of need for the country, including The Comprehensive Transparency Bill, the Conflict of Interest Management Bill, the Legislative Principles and Rules Bill, the Public Institutions Civil Liability Bill, the River Protection and Flood Risk Reduction Bill, the Freedom of Association Guarantee Bill, a Restorative Justice Bill, and a related bill. Article 40 of the Constitution and the like have been prepared and, as the case may be, have been submitted to the Islamic Consultative Assembly in the process of approval by the Cabinet or after approval by the Cabinet.
Referring to the lawsuits concerning public property and natural resources, he said: “In some lawsuits, we returned thousands of hectares of national lands to the government, and in the field of illegal sanctions against the Iranian nation, he added that in this regard, we tried to protect the rights of the Iranian people.” Extract the rights and, secondly, provide solutions for each of them and try to realize them with the cooperation of other agencies through filing a lawsuit in international authorities or other solutions.

It is worth mentioning that in this meeting, also from the collection of articles on civil rights by a group of law professors, the book of the executive branch; Analysis of its competencies and relations with other powers, book of opinions and decisions of the Documentation and Determination Commission for Immovable Property, book of bills and approvals under the title of legal normalization in the Legal Vice President, collection of articles on the occasion of Constitution Day and finally encyclopedia Legal policy, which was prepared with the participation of 160 law professors and researchers from 46 universities in the country, was unveiled.

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