According to reports EconomyOnline According to Hamshahri, being in a period of change is one of the main reasons for the tendency of adolescents and young people to use drugs. The change from elementary to middle school, middle school to high school and from high school to university is a period of life in which adolescents and young people are introduced to new thoughts and phenomena in life and behaviors of their peers and want to see new behaviors, new experiences. Have the probability of experience drug use Increases in him. In Iran, the results of studies on the prevalence of smoking and narcotics are often not clearly available to the public, but relatively regular periodic studies are conducted. One of the centers that is researching this is the Anti-Narcotics Headquarters, which in recent years has made sporadic comments about the prevalence of smoking and drugs in schools, and much of what it has said has become marginal and controversial because of the importance of the issue. Various officials do not provide clear and accurate statistics on the incidence of addiction among students, and conflicting statistics on the prevalence of the disease in the 15- to 19-year-old student community are provided. Sardar Eskandar Momeni, Secretary General of the Anti-Narcotics Headquarters, acknowledged that drug traffickers have made schools their main marketing hub for the sale of emerging narcotics. One of their target groups is schools and students who are trying to attract more customers to addiction. Regarding the prevalence of addiction among students, Momeni says: In Iran, only 1. 2% of students in the country are addicted; The prevalence rate of addiction in the average student population of the world is 20%. The Secretary General of the Anti-Narcotics Headquarters continues by acknowledging that the number of addicted students in 9 provinces of the country is higher than the national rate. Khuzestan, Kerman, Khorasan Razavi and Kermanshah are higher than the national average and among the provinces, Tehran ranks first.
Students in cyberspace traps
Changing educational patterns and making students more dependent on online platforms for receiving educational and university education has led to an increase in the relationship of this age group with cyberspace. A relationship that provides a good opportunity for abuse drug smugglers Has provided. Statistics provided by the police show that drug dealers use online communications more than ever to sell drugs. As the head of Tehran’s anti-narcotics police says; Cyber-traffickers have become more influential and their advertising has become more effective: “Unfortunately, we are seeing emerging narcotics being traded in cyberspace, some of which are some of the most destructive drugs known on the market.” Hasanvand continues: “Grass, cannabis, marijuana and flowers are among the drugs that now have the largest share in cyberspace in buying and selling. Buyers of these drugs are mostly young and unaware of the negative effects of drugs. “Vendors are also taking advantage of this ignorance to try to trap more teenagers and young adults.” He evaluates the effect of emerging drugs on the physics of heavy users and says: it changes the shape of the face, reduces visual acuity, destroys part of the memory, creates a hole in the brain and finally leads the user to obesity. Consumption of these substances can eventually lead to other abnormalities. According to him, 4 topics and 35 practical measures have been defined for the organizations and institutions that are members of the Anti-Narcotics Headquarters, according to which these organizations should take measures to prevent the spread of addiction or disease in different sections of society, especially in the student sector. However, weaknesses in some laws and penalties to prevent the spread of emerging addictions appear to have become a serious gap in the fight against drugs. The non-introduction of narcotics such as flowers as destructive substances by the law has led to an increase in the use of this substance, which is currently more than 4%. Ali Dadpour, an addiction therapist, says about this issue: Flower material has been sold on the street corners and in cyberspace for a long time. Although the police have dealt with the sellers of this drug, but the sellers, due to the simplification of the law and little criminality for it, sell this drug widely and freely in their target community, which is the students, and sell them with this tactic. They convince them to score flowers. According to him, the student became a consumer of this substance due to his trust in advertisements and will face many problems in the future: “The carcinogenicity of flowers is 5 times that of cigarettes; A floss enters the lungs at a concentration of 20 cigarettes. With each use of this substance, the short-term memory of the consumer is associated with a disorder. We should not be satisfied with the short-term effect and we should see its long-term effect. “In addition, the flower lowers a person’s irritability threshold and reduces their social interaction.”