According to reports EconomyOnline Quoted from Hamshahri, Gorgan Bay Slowly the water goes away. The regression of the sea and the development of the coast is the saddest scene of these days in this bay. Some say ٥٠٠ meters and news tells of a one-kilometer decline. Once upon a time, the dream bay of Gorgan, formed by the advance of water on the shores of the Miankaleh Peninsula, was about 400 square kilometers; An area that is now more than 100 square kilometers has dried up. The construction of many dams on the rivers that lead to the Gulf, the reduction of rainfall and the reduction of the discharge of the Volga River in Russia, which supplies 70 to 90% of the Caspian Sea, are the most important reasons for water receding to the sea and drastic reduction of water depth in the Gulf. In addition to environmental concerns and the risk of extinction of animal and plant species, the drought in the Gulf of Gorgan has also had a direct impact on the livelihoods of local communities and water retreat in this sloping region has discouraged tourism and fishing. Failure to use fisheries and port projects, challenges and social ills due to lack of jobs in the region, migration of migrants and increasing illegal fishing at water borders are other problems that the people of this land face. Now the shores of Golestan, instead of being a place for tourism, summer fishing and winter fishing, have become a place for growing desert shrubs.
Decrease in coastal tourists
The story of Gorgan Bay and the shadow of the drought that has befallen it, for years now, has not only weakened the business of fishermen and residents of coastal cities such as the port of Turkmenistan, but has also drastically reduced the number of tourists. Sayed Reza Hashemnejad, a sailing activist in the Turkmen port, said that in recent years the water depth has increased from 5 meters to 2 meters: “Our activity is sailing and taking tourists to the sea.” If it is not blue, this activity will also disappear. So far, 40 families in the port of Turkmenistan, whose income comes from sailing, have lost their jobs or are living on low incomes, with an 80% decrease in the number of tourists in the last 2-3 years. Until a few years ago, on weekends, 15 families would sometimes take a boat trip to Ashuradeh Island, but now, once or twice a week, one or two families come to the pier for a boat ride. The regression of the Gulf and Corona water has greatly affected the number of tourists and our livelihood.
Birunagh Bazaar, Turkmen port
Abdul Hamid Aq has a booth in the beach market; The bazaar, which used to be located next to the pier and the water’s edge, is now located in the middle of a dry land, a few hundred meters from the beach. Abdul Hamid, like many other exhibitors, believes that the waterless pier is not attractive to tourists and that the lack of tourists has discouraged business. “Once upon a time in the bazaar, locals made jobs and generated income by making handicrafts and selling them in the bazaars’ booths in addition to promoting indigenous culture, and dozens of Turkmen women and girls made a living by baking local sweets such as burk and pishme,” he said. But with the retreat of water, there is no longer a beach where tourists want to come for fun. With the decrease in passengers, this market, which was the source of income for 2,000 people, has declined and many people have left their booths.
Unemployment of fishermen on the Gulf
Islam Golzari, a fisherman in the Turkmen port, describes the sluggishness of his work in the coastal city: “Once upon a time, Gorgan Bay and Gomishan Lagoon were mines for sturgeon, whitefish, carp and mullet, but since part of the bay dried up, fish in This water was not found and fishing also flourished in this area. Now most fishermen are either unemployed, or have been forced to migrate to other cities such as Chabahar and Tehran to work, or go fishing 200 km to the Turkmen border and catch fish smuggling, which carries its own risks. Some have sold their boats and live on their money, while others have turned to labor and peddling.
He adds: “Previously, 90% of the young people in this city were fishing, but now they are unemployed and, unfortunately, the social damage has increased.
Agriculture instead of fishing
Although concerns about the backwardness of the Caspian Sea are growing every day, some experts believe that in addition to implementing plans to rehabilitate and save the Gulf of Gorgan from drought, it is possible to focus on exporting agricultural and livestock products to improve the economic situation of the population. Ehsan Khajeh is one of these experts who considers the effort to increase agricultural productivity as one of the ways to reduce the concerns of the affected people in the coastal areas and says: in addition to paying attention to the agricultural sector, implementing development plans in shrimp farming and production is another saving way to increase Employment. Exports of protein and agricultural products can also bring good benefits to the people of the region; Provided that the processing industries increase so that the products are not exported raw.
The impact of Gulf drought on the life of local communities
The area where the ships were anchored in the past is now not far from complete dryness, and experts believe that in the optimistic state it will take 12 years and in the most pessimistic state another 4 years, Gorgan Bay will dry up. Ishaq Hamayati, expert and social activist, considers the creation of fine dust and salt storms in the province as one of the important effects of this drought on the life of local communities and believes that Gorgan Bay can become a source of local dust up to 50 km if it dries and even semi-dries. It affects the Caspian Basin and disrupts agriculture. “Every 3-year period, there is a regression of the sea, which is normal, but due to the numerous dams on the rivers that lead to the bay, we can no longer expect the regression phase to end and the regression phase to begin and the bay to be full of water,” he said. Be; Although we have not yet encountered the phenomenon of fine dust in the region, there are serious concerns in this area. He adds: “Now the accumulation of mud in the Khazini and Chapaqli canals as the interface between the Gulf of Gorgan and the Caspian Sea and neglecting to solve this problem, has reduced the water level of the Gulf of Gorgan and has slowly turned this region into a dry area that if this trend continues, fate Lake Urmia will be waiting for Gorgan Bay.
The turquoise gem of the Caspian Sea, like hundreds of wetlands and rivers in the country, is dying, and if it dries up, in addition to the extinction of some animal and plant species, the livelihood of Golestan coastal residents will be affected and many jobs will be lost. Certainly, the revitalization of the only Caspian Sea bay can restore prosperity and hope to the region and prevent a crisis. It seems that Gorgan Bay is waiting for the unity of opinion of experts and the will of those involved in order to survive and get rid of drought, rather than needing the kindness of nature.
Gorgan Bay has no special budget
Hadi Haghshenas, the governor of Golestan, who has been active in the country’s ports and maritime organization for many years and is considered by many to be one of the experts on Gorgan Bay issues, believes: It also exposes Mazandaran province to environmental dangers and makes the livelihood of the people of these areas difficult. He considers the life of the province to be dependent on saving Gorgan Bay and injecting water into this water area after conducting expert studies and says: “We do not emphasize dredging Gorgan Bay, but we believe that the revitalization of the bay requires water and all responsible agencies should seek solutions.” They are drying to bring water to this area and should not be delayed any longer. The governor of Golestan complains about the lack of a special line of credit for the Gulf in the 1400 budget bill and adds: Although there is credit for the revitalization and rescue of Gorgan Bay in the heart of the budget of various agencies such as regional water, ports and environment organization, but we We are a separate line of credit for the revitalization of the Gulf in the 1400 budget bill, and correspondence has been made in this regard. We hope that the representatives of the province in the parliament will also prioritize this issue.