What is theft and what are its types?

Based on the rule Theft It is divided into two types of ta’zیریr and and hadd, and the word theft means stealing another’s property without his permission.

Border theft is a crime whose punishment is limited and determined by the Shari’a. According to Article 266 of the Islamic Penal Code, the conditions for border theft are divided into different types, and if there are 14 cases, a person has committed border theft and must be punished specifically. They also steal to some extent.

If the stolen object is legally taxable, it means that the stolen property has legal value, if the stolen property is in an amulet, it means that the property is in a safe place such as a safe, if the thief violates the amulet, it means destroying the place. Possession of property, such as opening or breaking a safe lock, is one of the most common thefts.

Also, if the thief takes the property out of the amulet, for example, if one person unlocks the safe and the other removes the property from the safe, it is not considered partial theft, because according to this article, in order for a limited theft to take place, the thief himself must be insulted. He commits amulet and he himself has to take the property out of the amulet, and if the ablution and theft are secret, he has also committed some theft.

If the thief does not own the father or paternal grandfather, The value of stolen property At the time of taking out of the amulet, it is equivalent to four and a half coins of gold coins, while the stolen property is not from state or public property, public endowment or endowment for public purposes, and while the theft does not take place in time of famine, it is limited theft.

Other cases of theft can be limited to cases such as if the owner of the property complains to the thief in court, the owner of the property does not forgive the thief before proving the theft, the stolen property does not belong to the thief before proving the crime, the stolen property before the theft Not to be the owner, and the stolen property is not itself property that has already been stolen or usurped.